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Jump directly to a topic...   Pipeline Proposals - Farm Bill -
The Highlands - Regional Planning - Working to Protect the Palisades

Superstorm Sandy Response - Conservation Easement Revitalization


Pipelines Proposed in New Jersey


Pipeline proposals threaten land across NJ


Policy shift needed - take action!


A growing list of natural gas and oil pipeline proposals threaten preserved land and other natural resources all across the state. 


The fracked gas rush west of New Jersey is creating a frenzy of utility companies proposing new lines – which would cut through the New Jersey Highlands, the Pine Barrens and the Delaware River watershed – and pose a serious threat to our state's natural heritage. We are contending with an onslaught of energy infrastructure projects that fall outside of any overall plan or vision and have the full force of federal energy policy behind them.


These linear developments fragment forests, segment preserved farms, and put waterways at risk, all while furthering our dependence on fossil fuels. New Jersey Conservation Foundation is working with partners at the local, state and federal level to defend preserved lands from new pipeline proposals. We are advocating for a policy shift on all levels of government that will require a comprehensive approach to pipeline plans and approvals and also consider the cumulative negative impacts and avoids preserved lands.


"10 Most Endangered" list includes historic properties threatened by pipelines >>


PennEast Pipeline: The PennEast pipeline, a completely new gas pipeline proposed to cross the Delaware River into Hunterdon and Mercer counties, would cut across preserved farms, forests and vital public drinking water supply streams, on its way to Trenton. Holland, Alexandria, Kingwood, Delaware and West Amwell Townships in Hunterdon County would be directly impacted, as well as Hopewell Township in Mercer County.


PennEast pipeline route map

The PennEast pipeline proposes to cross significant preserved natural lands and farmlands that are legally protected in perpetuity from development. It threatens other lands containing a multitude of environmentally sensitive attributes and features, including forests, surface and groundwater recharge watersheds, wetlands, the Delaware Wild and Scenic River, dozens of NJ Category One streams, habitat of rare, threatened and endangered species, steep slopes, and productive agricultural soils. The project would also impact significant cultural, historic and archaeological resources and cause significant and irremediable damaging effects on valuable and irreplaceable resources.

Take action on PennEast!


Speak up and oppose the PennEast pipeline, which sets a terrible precedent. Call for a moratorium on all pipelines until there is a comprehensive plan for new energy infrastructure


Please contact U.S. Senators Cory Booker and Robert Menendez, and your congressman or congresswoman, and ask them to:


•  Stop the siting of pipelines on preserved farmland and open space.

•  Speak up and oppose the PennEast pipeline, and require an alternatives analysis that includes non-pipeline alternatives.

•  Call for a moratorium on all pipelines until there is a comprehensive plan for new energy infrastructure.








Members of the New Jersey Senate have announced their opposition to the PennEast proposal, and the 16th District legislators have written a letter to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). In addition, New Jersey Conservation's Board of Trustees passed a resolution opposing the PennEast pipeline.


The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) closed the comment period in late February on the scoping for the Environmental Impact Statement for the PennEast line. New Jersey Conservation Foundation provided scoping comments and testified at the February hearings.


See map of "preferred alternate" PennEast route through Hunterdon County >>

See map of "preferred alternate" PennEast route through Mercer County >>

View detailed Hunterdon-Mercer county map of original PennEast route >>

Note: This map by the D&R Greenway Land Trust is an approximation of the route as originally proposed in 2014.


South Jersey Gas: Last year, the Pinelands Commission rejected a pipeline proposal by South Jersey Gas in the Forest Area of the Pinelands. The proposal requires a waiver of rules that forbid such development in the Forest Area. Recently, however, the New Jersey Senate narrowly approved Governor Christie's replacement of Robert Jackson, a dedicated Pinelands Commissioner who voted against the South Jersey Gas pipeline deal. Mr. Jackson's replacement, Robert Barr, is believed to be in support of the pipeline. This move threatens the integrity of the Pinelands Comprehensive Management Plan and the independence of the Commission.

See map >>


New Jersey Natural Gas: NJNG is proposing to construct a 30-inch high pressure transmission gas pipeline that would cut through several Burlington, Monmouth and Ocean county towns, mostly along existing roads, before cutting through the Pinelands National Reserve. The proposal is facing opposition from residents who say the project poses a risk to public safety and the environment. NJNG is still determining the final route for the transmission line as part of its Southern Reliability Link project. Preliminary plans call for the line to begin in Chesterfield and continue through North Hanover, Upper Freehold, Plumsted and Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst before connecting to the utility's system in Manchester.

See map >>


Diamond East Pipeline Project: Proposed by Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Company (Transco) in August 2014, this line would go through Luzerne County, PA; Carbon County, PA; Northampton County, PA; Bucks County, PA; Hunterdon County, NJ; Mercer County, although the route is not yet finalized. Designed to be a large-scale transmission pipeline stretching 50 miles from a gathering system in Luzerne County and Lycoming Counties in Pennsylvania, the line would terminate in Mercer County, New Jersey.


The proposed project includes new pipeline looping and additional compression to transport roughly 1 billion cubic feet of natural gas per day and would impact over 600 acres of land. The project is Transco’s third consecutive pipeline upgrade in three years, and appears to be wholly redundant with the PennEast Pipeline. Both projects propose to carry one billion cubic feet of natural gas per day and follow a parallel path through the Delaware River Basin.


Pilgrim Oil Pipeline: Pilgrim Pipeline Holdings has proposed building two parallel pipelines connecting oil terminals in Albany, New York to a refinery in Linden, New Jersey. 


The pipeline would cut through the New Jersey Highlands and the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge and would be able to transport 400,000 barrels of Bakken crude oil and refined products per day - Bakken shale oil would be sent south while refined products (including kerosene) would be sent north.


Citing safety and environmental concerns, the Morris County Freeholders unanimously approved a resolution opposing the proposed Pilgrim Pipeline in late March. The resolution calls for a “full environmental impact” to be conducted, and called into question the reliability of the company proposing the project.


State Senators Richard Codey and Thomas Kean Jr. are also opposed to the Pilgrim Oil proposal.


Pilgrim’s proposal cuts across 3 major drinking water rivers and two EPA designated sole source aquifers, the Ramapo Aquifer and the Buried Valley Aquifer. The Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, also in the pipeline's path, was established more than 50 years ago by the United States Department of Interior and offers protection to the headwater of the Passaic River.


A major pipeline spill could contaminate the drinking water for the several million people and dozens of municipalities who rely on these irreplaceable water sources. 


More Pilgrim Oil Pipeline information >>


Learn more


Concerned Citizens Against the Pipeline


Pipeline Safety Coalition


Stop the PennEast Pipeline Facebook page


Contact your district's state legislators



Sustainable State Funding for Preservation and Stewardship


Land preservation to be funded by corporate


business tax; Legislature debates allocation

NJ preserved farmland sign


New Jersey Conservation is working with the NJ Keep it Green Coalition (KIG) on implementing language for funding preservation programs with the Corporate Business Tax allocation approved by voters in 2014. Several different bills have been introduced. We support Senator Smith’s and Assemblyman McKeon's bill, S2769/A4203, which is also sponsored by Senator Bateman and Assembly members Spencer and Pintor.


That bill allocates similar traditional percentages to each program, with each group receiving less overall funding than in previous years. Under the proposal, 64 percent would go to acquiring and developing lands for public recreation and conservation purposes under the Green Acres program; 4 percent would go to the Blue Acres program; 29 percent would be set aside for farmland preservation; and historic preservation would receive 3 percent.


The Christie Administration maintains that implementing legislation is not needed. However, in its absence, there is a risk that funds will be diverted through the annual budget, as illustrated by a recent proposal by the administration to allocate nearly $20 million to park management staffing. Park staffing is very important, but should be funded through the general fund as it has been in the past, leaving the $20 million for preservation projects as the voters intended, not routine operations and maintenance of state parks.


Under the administration’s proposed budget, $80.1 million would be set aside for open-space programs, including $27.9 million in loans and grants for preservation and acquisition of lands for recreational use. The administration’s proposal would allot $16.9 million to preserve farmland in New Jersey and $1.4 million for historic preservation.


See "A Legacy of Green: Celebrating 50 years of the Green Acres Program" >>


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Working to Protect the Palisades


Conservation groups, LG reach settlement



Following 11 months of constructive discussions, LG Electronics USA, New Jersey Conservation Foundation and a number of parties interested in LG’s new North American headquarters in New Jersey, have reached agreement on a new design, which all parties are celebrating as a “win-win” solution.


After exploring a range of options during the discussions, consensus has been reached on a new design that will create a world-class, sustainably designed building to the benefit of LG, the town of Englewood Cliffs and the state of New Jersey, while protecting the iconic vistas and integrity of the Palisades Park, a National Natural and Historic Landmark.


LG reached the mutually beneficial settlement with Scenic Hudson, the New Jersey State Federation of Women’s Clubs, the Natural Resources Defense Council, New Jersey Conservation Foundation and New York-New Jersey Trail Conference.


As part of the settlement, the conservation groups agreed to withdraw their pending legal appeal regarding zoning approvals in Englewood Cliffs and pledged to work with LG to secure necessary municipal approvals so the project can move forward as expeditiously as possible.


The new building design, reflecting compromises by all the parties, calls for a five-story north wing just shy of 70 feet in height and a three-story south wing, protecting the scenic views of the Palisades. LG will implement landscape, lighting and other design features to further reduce visual impacts, while retaining the scale of the complex as home for LG’s growing U.S. business.


See press release announcing settlement >>

See New Jersey Conservation Foundation statement >>

See former New Jersey governors' letter to LG >>





Protecting the Land that Grows Our Food


Farm Bill Passes – Why it Matters to New Jersey

 Picking crops at New Jersey farm

Congress passed the long delayed Farm Bill in early February 2014. The good news for conservation includes $1.3 billion over 10 years for land preservation programs. The Conservation Foundation advocated for this funding, which greatly benefits our farmland preservation work. 

Without the federal Farm Bill, natural resource conservation programs - particularly the Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP) - New Jersey would not have been able to preserve over 170 farms across 15 counties in our state. New Jersey Conservation Foundation alone has received nearly $30 million to protect Garden State farmland!


The Conservation Foundation plays a special role in Farm Bill policy, working to ensure that federal funds protect soils by limiting the amount of farm structures that can be built on the land. This helps protect important agricultural soils from large scale greenhouse operations and commercial development such as cell towers (which are only permitted on land preserved with state and local funds). New Jersey has some unique and valuable agricultural soils, and they need to be protected!


NJ Conservation's farmland preservation works!

Through our farmland preservation work, New Jersey Conservation Foundation is working toward a day when an abundance of locally grown New Jersey food, produced in a healthy, environmentally sustainable manner, will be available to feed the region.

As part of that vision, large concentrations of preserved farmland will not only support the local food system, but will also protect the state’s water supply and wildlife habitat, combat global warming by sequestering carbon, and connect with other preserved lands – parks, trails, and natural areas – as part of an interconnected system of public and private open space, with all of the benefits associated with preserved, open land.

To fulfill this vision, we lobby Congress for New Jersey's fair share of federal farmland conservation funding. NJCF is New Jersey's leading non-profit recipient of USDA Farm and Ranchland Protection Program funds. We have been recognized by the State Agriculture Development Committee as New Jersey's leading non-profit organization for both acres of farmland and total farms preserved.

We promote natural resource protections – especially soil protections - for farmland preserved with public money, so that the agricultural soils of today will be available to grow food tomorrow. And while we support clean renewable energy sources, we are working to ensure that these sources don't come at the cost of our most productive farmland.

We are working to strengthen farmland preservation and agricultural viability in our Delaware Bay Watershed project area. This region is rich in natural resources, and is truly the bread basket of New Jersey agriculture. We are developing pilot projects, including marketing initiatives, to assist sustainable farm operations in the region and connect local food with urban centers.

Agriculture comprises one of the most important sectors of New Jersey's economy, while also providing a host of public and community benefits that cannot be fully measured. NJCF is committed to keeping the garden in "The Garden State."


Read more about soil protection efforts in Michele Byers' column, "The State We're In" >>


Advocating Sound Stewardship of Public and Private Lands

New Jersey Conservation Foundation advocates for state policies that give high priority to protection and restoration of biodiversity on public and private lands, urges the use of modern ecological principles in developing management plans for New Jersey’s public lands, and defends preserved land from improper diversion to other uses.

Stop industrial park on Fish & Wildlife land


In July 2013, the state’s Green Acres Program purchased 81 acres of forest in Cumberland County, expanding the Menantico Ponds Wildlife Management Area to 474 acres. This land – the former Durand Glass property – contains prime breeding habitat for several state threatened species, including Northern Pine Snakes.


The land had been preserved for less than a year when the City of Millville protested, arguing that it was needed instead for economic development. The city, along with Cumberland County, convinced the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) to overturn the Green Acres purchase and sell it to the city for an industrial park.


The proposal to sell this property is scheduled to be voted on by the State House Commission on Thursday, June 25, 2015.


Sometimes the state diverts small pieces of preserved land that are needed for public purposes, like road widening, schools, hospitals or fire stations. The proposed Millville sale would be one of the largest in Green Acres history – all for a private company’s gain.


If allowed to go through, this proposal would set a terrible precedent for the Green Acres Program and our public lands. Any municipality could now claim the need for economic development to justify further diversions of public trust Green Acres properties for private commercial use. This would severely undermine nearly 60 years of public support for Green Acres funding.


Take Action!


Please ask the State House Commission to vote NO on the proposal to sell this land for industrial development.


Click here to see Action Alert with contact information for State House Commission >>


Read more about this issue in a "State We're In" column by Michele S. Byers, Executive Director >>




Conservation Easement Revitalization Project

A conservation easement is a legal agreement between a landowner and a land trust or government agency that permanently limits uses of the land in order to protect its conservation values. Easements are a widely used tool for preserving land.  Yet because the land itself generally remains in separate, private ownership, ensuring that easements continue to fulfill their original promise as time passes and land changes hands is often a challenge.

New Jersey Conservation Foundation recently took part in a national project called the Easement Revitalization Research Project. The project was sponsored and funded by the Open Space Institute in New York and funded by the Geraldine R. Dodge Foundation, the Kohlberg Foundation and Resources Legacy Fund.


New Jersey Conservation Foundation was one of six case study partners nationally working with consultant Marc Smiley from Solid Ground to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the extent to which land trusts are encountering situations where conservation protections on private lands are not being honored, and to focus on how land trusts can remedy or otherwise manage these troubled easements.

A subsequent report evaluated the case study easements and gave options for addressing the challenges that have arisen. NJCF staff provided feedback on the report, which has been finalized in the form of a general guidebook, “Easement Revitalization Guidebook,” for land trusts across the country.  

Download a copy of the guidebook >>

On a state level New Jersey Conservation Foundation, as the state’s leading private holder of conservation easements, has launched an initiative to ensure the long-term viability and integrity of conservation easements throughout the Garden State. Working with conservation partners from all sectors, we are developing strategies to ensure that easements remain an effective preservation tool and that preserved land is truly protected in perpetuity.


Advancing and Defending Environmentally Sound Regional Plans

New Jersey has a strong history of adopting comprehensive regional plans. Regional planning that incorporates environmental protection is critical to protecting the land and water supplies on which we depend. Other important benefits of such planning includes stabilizing local property taxes, retaining the character of rural areas and established communities, and generally promoting growth in places where it is less environmentally damaging and more cost-effective to build, because of the presence of existing infrastructure like roads, sewers and public water systems.

New Jersey Conservation Foundation has been integrally involved in the passage of many landmark New Jersey regional planning laws, including the Pinelands Protection Act, the Highlands Water Protection and Planning Act, the Delaware and Raritan Canal State Park law, and the State Planning Act. Constant vigilance is required to ensure these laws and their regional plans aren't weakened over time.


Help Protect the Highlands

Pyramid Mountain, Morris CountyThe Highlands are part of the great sweep of the Appalachian Mountains that shadows the East Coast from Maine to Georgia. The Highlands Region extends from southeastern Pennsylvania through northwest New Jersey into New York and Connecticut. With forested ridges, pastoral farmland, and pure streams, lakes and reservoirs, the Highlands form a greenbelt surrounding the most populous metropolitan area in the US. The Highlands provide an essential source of drinking water, clean air, critical wildlife habitat, historic resources, recreational opportunities and scenic beauty for both its residents and the millions of people who live within an hour’s travel.


About the New Jersey Highlands Act

New Jersey’s 2004 Highlands Water Protection and Planning Act passed by overwhelming majorities in the State legislature after two decades of focused citizen and governmental efforts to protect the New Jersey Highlands Region. The 860,000 acre Highlands, with only 17 percent of the land in the State, provides drinking water to 5.4 million – nearly two-thirds – of the State’s residents, who live in fifteen counties in northern central and southern New Jersey. If you are either a Highlands water-drinker or a Highlands resident, there is good reason for you to become involved in the region’s protection.

If you are either a Highlands water-drinker or a Highlands resident, there is good reason for you to become involved in the region’s protection.The New Jersey Highlands Coalition has an outreach program directed to Highlands water-receiving areas outside the region. To find out more visit the Highlands Coalition website.

The Highlands Act affects 88 municipalities in parts of seven counties:  Bergen, Passaic, Morris, Somerset, Hunterdon, Sussex and Warren. The Highlands Water Protection and Planning Council (Highlands Council) and the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) are both charged with implementing the Act. The DEP has rule-making authority over the Preservation Area, about half the region, much of which is preserved state and county lands. The Highlands Council completed the required Regional Master Plan (RMP) for the 88 municipalities in 2008. 

Highlands Plan Conformance

Conformance with the Plan is mandatory for the Preservation Area, but voluntary for the Planning Area.  Since the Plan is based on scientific assessments of available water supply and septic capability in each watershed, its build out scenario, along with required environmental ordinances, offers a blueprint for sustainable, capacity-based development for all Highlands municipalities in both the Preservation and Planning Areas. Implementation is achieved through municipal conformance with the Plan, which benefits substantially from the involvement and support of local residents. 

Conformance Update

As of December 2012, 43 municipalities and two counties (Passaic and Somerset) have had their Plan Conformance Petitions approved by the Highlands Council. Of the 88 Highlands municipalities, 60 have submitted Plan Conformance Petitions. You can check the status of specific municipalities on the Highlands Council website -

You can help move Plan Conformance along! The New Jersey Highlands Coalition, of which NJCF is a founding member, has a Highlands Advocate Program that you can join to take action. Please visit the New Jersey Highlands Coalition website to find out more. 

Let's Not Let Politics Trump Water

New Jersey Conservation Foundation is working to defend the Highlands from efforts by the Christie Administration to weaken the Highlands’ protections.

Damaging steps already taken include the appointment of anti-conservation individuals to the Highlands Council. At the Council, the progress of plan conformance by municipalities has slowed dramatically. 

We and other environmentalists are concerned about potential weakening of the Regional Master Plan during an upcoming review process. Also, it is feared that strongly protective DEP Highlands rules may be revised. Without gubernatorial leadership committed to Highlands protection, New Jersey faces the serious risk of damage to the watersheds that represent the State’s primary source of drinking water.

The Highlands Council meets monthly at 5 p.m. on Thursdays at the Council headquarters at 100 North Road (Route 513) north of Chester Borough in Morris County. New Jersey Conservation Foundation regularly monitors and comments at these meetings.

We also periodically post action alerts on Highlands issues, so please sign up for our email alerts and stay tuned!

Read statement by former Governors about the importance of protecting Highlands, Pinelands >>


Addressing Climate Change and Energy Policy

The rapidly growing focus on energy and climate change at the state and national levels creates both challenges and opportunities for land conservation. We are encountering threats to preserved land posed by global warming, as well as proposals to divert preserved land for alternative energy development.

At the same time, we are defending land from threats posed by transmission lines and pipelines, and trying to protect our water resources from natural gas drilling. On the positive side, our work on forest protection and restoration presents an opportunity to promote carbon sequestration.

In recognition of the enormous role energy conservation can play in decreasing energy use, we advocate for a much greater focus on conservation and efficiency in the state's energy master plan.

Read about how "Saving Energy Saves Land" >>

"Energy Efficiency and Economic Opportunity" >>
-American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy


Superstorm Sandy Response

After Superstorm Sandy in October 2012, New Jersey Conservation Foundation began working together with other environmental organizations to advocate for restoration and rebuilding strategies that will leave New Jersey communities more resilient to future storms and sea level rise.

Read more about the concerted efforts of several environmental agencies...

Community Letter_Congressional Funding >>    

Community Principles >>

Community Press Release_Sandy Recovery >>

Sandy-related topics featured in Michele Byers' column,
"The State We're In"

Blowin' in the Wind
Slow Moving Waves of Sand (Barrier Islands)
Storms Could Benefit Forest Biodiversity   



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